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Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala - usually addressed as AVS is an 114 years old charitable institution engaged in the practice and propagation of holistic living - Ayurveda - the ancient art of living and science of healing of India. AVS offers great Ayurveda education, classical Ayurvedic products and authentic Ayurvedic consultations and traditional treatments / therapies.
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- AVS also runs a Kathakali Academy where the classical theatre of Kathakali is taught and performed.
- AVS was founded in 1902 by the late Vaidyaratnam P.S. Varier at Kottakkal in Malappuram district of Kerala State. The nearest Railway station is TIRUR (Malappuram Dist), on the Chennai-Mangalore railway line, at a distance of 16 km. Kozhikode is the nearest airport at a distance of 28 km. Kottakkal is situated at a distance of about 165 km from Kochi, 160 km from Coimbatore and 48 km from Calicut (Kozhikode) by road.
- AVS is a Charitable Trust of public nature having three drug manufacturing units, at Kottakkal, at Kanjikode, and at Nanjangud where more than 550 genuine ayurvedic medicines are manufactured.
- The Ayurvedic Hospital & Research Centre at Kottakkal has 204 rooms with necessary amenities. Other similar Hospitals are located at Kochi, Delhi and Aluva. Classic Panchakarma and other Kerala special treatments are made available in these hospitals administered under the supervision of expert Ayurvedic Physicians. These treatments are found effective for various kinds of debilitating ailments.
- A charitable hospital located at Kottakkal, where deserving poor patients are provided with both ayurvedic and allopathic treatments, medicines, accommodation and food free of cost. Clinical research activities are also undertaken in Charitable Hospital with a focus on cancer and also to validate new drug development.
- There are 28 Branch clinics in major cities and towns of the country where medical consultation and authentic Kottakkal medicines are made available. These medicines are also made available to the patients through 1650 authorised Dealers.
- An Ayurveda Pathasala was established by P S Varier in 1917 as a formal education institution. This Padhasala later became the Vaidyaratnam P.S. Varier Ayurveda College affiliated to The Kerala University of Health Sciences. The college has Graduate and Post Graduate courses in Ayurveda. AVS extends financial and administrative support to the college as per the provisions of the Will of the founder.
- AVS undertakes the task of planned cultivation of medicinal plants in herbal gardens as part of a project of conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants.
- Hospitals at other locations across the country other than Kottakkal to provide ayurvedic treatment, to patients from northern parts of India as well as abroad.
- The Research & Development Department of the institution is actively engaged in research work for modernisation of production and quality control of Ayurvedic drugs. The Centre for Medicinal Plants Research (CMPR) was established at Kottakkal in 2003 to undertake modern research in the various aspects of medicinal plants. CMPR is now recognised as a Centre of Excellence by the Department of AYUSH of Government of India.
- The Publications Department brings out various books on Ayurveda and allied topics. A quarterly medical journal "Aryavaidyan" is also published.
- Vaidyaratnam, a connoisseur of arts, founded a dramatic troupe which was later converted to the famous Kathakali troupe, P.S.V. Natyasangham. This troupe has eminent artistes who stage Kathakali performances in India and abroad.
- AVS is also engaged in academic activities. Conducting of annual Ayurveda Seminars and holding competitions for Ayurveda professionals and students are part of those efforts aimed at strengthening Ayurveda knowledge base.
Sri P. S. VarierThe Founder of Arya Vaidya Sala, Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier (1869 – 1944), scion of an illustrious family of Kottakkal in the Malabar region of Kerala, was an extraordinary man. He was a multi-faceted personality: a renowned Ayurvedic scholar and academician, an able practitioner, a successful entrepreneur, and a genuine philanthropist, all at the same time! Moreover, he was a man of vision with a strong will and clear plans and he had the ability to achieve his noble objectives in an organised manner.
Shri Varier studied Ayurveda under the classical Gurukula system. He also acquired proficiency in the practice of Allopathy.
In 1902, Shri Varier founded the Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal, for the preparation of authentic Ayurvedic medicines. The rest is history. Today, Arya Vaidya Sala is a name synonymous with Ayurveda; an abode of hope for the suffering humanity. P. S Varier is recognised as a representative of Indian renaissance and his yeomen efforts contributed to the historical revival of Ayurveda.
In 1933, in recognition of his remarkable achievements, Shri P. S. Varier was conferred the distinguished title of 'Vaidya Ratna' by His Excellency the Viceroy and Governor-General of India. Shri Varier wrote text books for students of Ayurveda. One of them, Ashtangasariram, won a certificate of merit in 1932 from the National Association of Physicians.
Vaidyaratnam was also a man of letters and art. He set up a dramatic troupe specialised in musicals. He himself wrote several scripts for theatrical performances. The troupe was later converted by him into a Kathakali Academy, the PSV Natyasangham which is one of the leading Kathakali troupes of today.
Shri Varier had executed a Will prior to his demise in 1944, which converted his proprietary concern into a Charitable Trust of public nature, to be run by a Trust Board consisting of seven members who would be related to his family and to the Institution.
As per the provisions of its founder's Will, Arya Vaidya Sala functions as a Charitable Trust.
The major share of the earnings from its activities is exclusively spent on charitable causes, in the form of medical aid, on both OP and IP basis, to deserving patients. This includes both Ayurveda and Allopathy. Financial support is also provided for managing an Ayurveda college; for conducting research; for holding seminars and training programmes, for publishing books and periodicals; for the cultivation of herbal gardens; and for running a classical theatre academy. The remaining funds are pooled back for the development of the institution. No financial gain accrues to any individual or family.
Present Managing Trustee
P. K WarrierAryavaidyan P.K. Warrier took over as the second Managing Trustee on the demise of his brother P.M. Varier. He has been leading Arya Vaidya Sala as its Managing Trustee for the past sixty-two years. Dr P.K. Warrier serves also as the Chief Physician ably assisted by other senior and experienced physicians.
Under his leadership, Arya Vaidya Sala has grown into a multi-crore, multi-unit, multi-functional Organisation and has been recognised as the premier centre of Ayurveda in the country. Arya Vaidya Sala has become the destination of ailing patients, rich and poor alike, students and scholars from India and abroad. He has made Kottakkal a synonym of authentic Ayurveda.
P. K Warrier is known for his forward looking approach to all aspects of Ayurveda, which has enabled him to spearhead many innovative moves to modernise drug presentation, drug processing and knowledge enhancement. He was bestowed with the Padmashri and Padmabhushan awards of the Government of India. He has been honoured with Doctoral degrees by several universities and has received many other awards and recognition.
P.K. Warrier has been recognised as an able administrator, educationist and academician and above all a physician of international repute. Dr. Warrier has travelled extensively in both hemispheres spreading the message of Ayurveda. He has also authored several books.
First Managing Trustee
P. Madhava VarierThe Founder, in his will, had nominated the members of the first Trust Board to administer Arya Vaidya Sala after his demise. Accordingly his nephew Aryavaidyan P. Madhava Varier became the first Managing Trustee in 1944. He was in office till his tragic death in an air crash in 1953. He initiated the process of modernising Arya Vaidya Sala and laid the foundation for many later developments including the Ayurvedic Hospitals. Mechanisation of drug manufacture was initiated by him, which enabled AVS to expand its reach to larger areas.
- 1902 The young P.S. Varier establishes Arya Vaidya Sala at Kottakkal on Vijayadashami day, the 12th October.
- 1903 Dhanwantari, the first Ayurvedic magazine is started. The first therapeutic index for ayurvedic medicines in Malayalam is published.
- 1907 Chikitsasangraham, the first Reference manual on Panchakarma therapy and medicaments is published. Several thousand copies are sold and translations in English, Hindi and Tamil are available.
- 1909 PSV Dramatic Troupe is established to popularise Musical theatre.
- 1916 The first Branch is opened at Calicut. Presently there are 28 Branches spread across the country.
- 1924 The Charitable Hospital is established at Kottakkal, which presently provides free treatment, therapy and medicines to deserving patients both in Ayurveda and Allopathy.
- 1925 Ashtangasariram, an illustrated epic Sanskrit text in Ayurvedic anatomy is written and published by P.S. Varier, which receives a Certificate of Merit at the 16th Plenary Session of All India Ayurvedic Congress at Jaipur in 1926.
- 1927 The Silver Jubilee of AVS is celebrated. All employees are paid Bonus.
- 1932 The Temple of Lord Viswambhara is established at Kottakkal, which was open to worshipers of any caste and creed.
- 1933 Vaidyaratnam honour is bestowed on P.S. Varier by the then Viceroy and Governor General Lord Wellington.
- 1934 A 120 acre forest land in the Western Ghat region is acquired by AVS to develop a natural herb garden. This was the beginning of all the later activities in the area of medicinal plants.
- 1938 Jayaprakash Narayan, the socialist leader, visits Kottakkal and stays with P.S. Varier for treatment.
- 1939 Vaidyaratnam registers his Will which converts Arya Vaidya Sala into a Charitable Trust.
- 1942 Brihacchariram, an extended Sanskrit text on physiology and anatomy is written and published by P.S. Varier.
- 1944 Vaidyaratnam expires in the early hours of 30th January, leaving behind a rich legacy of remarkable achievements. The Will of P.S. Varier comes into force and accordingly a Board of Trustees takes control of Arya Vaidya Sala and its assets. Aryavaidyan P.M. Varier, the senior nephew of P.S. Varier takes over as the first Managing Trustee and Chief Physician.
- 1949 Mechanisation of medicine processing is initiated by the installation of electrically operated equipments.
- 1953 Dr. P.M. Varier dies in an air crash and his younger brother Dr. P.K. Warrier takes over as the Managing Trustee, who continues to hold the position apart from being the Chief Physician.
- 1954 The Golden Jubilee of AVS is celebrated with national level participation of scholars and physicians. Concurrently, the 36th Plenary session of the All India Ayurvedic Congress is held at Kottakkal under the leadership of Pandit Shiv Sharma. Golden Jubilee Nursing Home is opened at Kottakkal, which is the first facility for providing Panchakarma and other Kerala special therapies under the umbrella of a modern Hospital set up. It is the present Ayurvedic Hospital and Research Centre with multiple blocks and modern amenities.
- 1964 Conducting of Annual Ayurveda Seminars starts.
- 1966 A Clinical Research ward is opened in collaboration with the Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha (CCRAS).
- 1967 The first Steam Boiler is inaugurated by the Central Health Minister, Smt. Sushila Nayyar. Major technological advancements in drug manufacture follow.
- 1969 The birth centenary of Vaidyaratnam P.S. Varier is celebrated in pomp by conducing Ayurveda Seminar, cultural meeting and cultural shows.
- 1970 Shri V.V. Giri, President of India visits and stays at Kottakkal for receiving treatment. Classical Ayurveda therapy receives national attention.
- 1978 Research and Development Department gets started. It is now engaged in product and process related research and QA efforts. Research in collaboration with AYUSH, DST, DAE, IIT, are undertaken here. This is recognised by AYUSH as an Approved Testing Lab and is also accredited by DSIR and KSPCB.
- 1987 A new drug manufacturing unit, gets inaugurated at Kanjikode near Palghat.
A Publication Department is started, which takes up the publication of books, seminar proceedings and ‘Aryavaidyan’, a medical periodical.
- 1988 A major innovation in dosage presentation forms is implemented with the introduction of machine aided tableting of liquid kashayam.
- 1990 Medicinal plant research becomes a major activity with the commencement of a collaborative research programme between AVS and the International Development and Research Centre (IDRC), Canada. A five volume treatise entitled ‘Indian Medicinal Plants – A Compendium of 500 Species’ is brought out during 1993-96 period.
- 1996 The 6th World Congress on Holistic Life and Medicine is held at Kozhikode jointly by Arya Vaidya Sala and the Calicut University.
- 1999 Dr. P.K. Warrier is decorated with ‘Padmasree’ title by the Government of India.
- 2000 An Ayurvedic Hospital and Research Centre is opened at New Delhi by Sri K.R. Narayanan, the Union President.
- 2002 The Centenary of AVS is celebrated spread over an year with different academic and ceremonial events. The Postal Department releases a Commemorative Postal Stamp.
- 2003 Centre for Medicinal Plants Research is inaugurated at Kottakkal by Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, the President of India. It is now recognised as a Centre of Excellence by AYUSH.
- 2005 Golden Jubilee Celebration of Ayurvedic Hospital & Research Centre is celebrated.
- 2006 The PS Varier Museum gets established at Kottakkal
- 2008 An Ayurvedic Hospital & Research Centre is started at Kochi.
- 2010 A new drug manufacturing Unit gets established at Nanjangud in Karnataka. Dr. P.K. Warrier is honoured with the award of Padmabhushan by the Government of India.
- 2011 The Navati of Dr. P.K. Warrier is celebrated by holding several events of academic and ceremonial importance spread over one year.
- 2012 Opens a branch at Mysore
- 2013 Opens a Medical Centre at Jamshedpur Opens a Branch at Indore
- 2014 Opens a Branch at Adoor, Pathanamthitta